In November 2001, as U.S. warplanes flew over Afghanistan, Osama bin Laden told a nerve-racking statement to Pakistani journalist Hamid Mira, “Al Qaeda had access to nuclear weapons and would not hesitate to use them for “self-defense.”
Days are already dangerous and getting even more dangerous as dissenters make use of the latest and highly-developed machineries, tools and equipment in technology to frighten people and pressure governments to the extent of spurring discord within the latter. Eventually, referent objects, being the constant target of terrorist attacks and after being choked by threats, may get destabilized in the absence of pertinent security measures.
For years, strategic placement of cities and borders along coasts or natural barriers, the use of wall defenses, mighty armadas and trenches and tight ethno-religious groupings have been used as security strategies by nations to safeguard their territories from the foes’ invasion and other threats that may destabilize their society or even wipe out their civilization. The advent of the 20th century has seen airplanes, submarines, ballistic missiles, and weapons of mass destruction as new-fangled approaches to security. Since then, continuous innovations and revolutions have been made to satisfy standards of security. With this contemporary equipments and supplies, borders have become increasingly leaky thus the possibilities of breaking into the referent object’s realm. Consequently, destruction may just be seconds away to the very doorstep of territories on a scale previously not envisioned.
So to speak, we are living in a so called “borderless world.” This implies the continuing trend of globalization. This is the forcing factor that changes the international security landscape in a very drastic manner that it has compelled a fundamental reevaluation of security strategies. The global community has become interdependent, with the constant movement of people, ideas and goods. Migration, information, technology, ideas, goods and almost everything transferable are done conveniently. Given this fact, that we are in a borderless world, the threats that we face also have no borders and they continue to increase and break into every part of the globe. Endeavors are much more difficult to combat now and just as they are complex, the approaches should also be complex.
Perhaps, the toughest endeavor and threat that the international community is facing right now is terrorism. The recent significant terrorist attacks have put the issue of terrorism in a salient position where it is right now. Moreover, the threat of the use of nuclear terrorism likewise tends to make it even more worth the attention or limelight status on international peace and security.
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